Thursday, August 13, 2009

the 2 types of deviance behaviour( last year's question)

All substantial departure of behavior from social norms can be caught up in the single concept of DEVIANT BEHAVIOUR. Since departure from established norms differ greatly both in character and social consequences, they should not be indiscriminately grouped together.

The 2 major varieties of deviant behaviour can be usefully distinguished on the basis of their structure and the consequences on social system

(a) Non conforming behaviour and (b) aberrant behaviour

-Both the types retain the technical conception of deviant behaviour in sociological analysis

- the distinction does not smuggle in moral judgments through the back door of connotative language.

-only helps us to identify the norm that has been prescribed by a particular society more clearly.

- both have different social consequences

- what is non comformity to one group may not be to the other and vice-versa.



-Announces his dissent publicly and does not try to hide his departures from social norms

- political or religious dissenter insists on making his dissent known to as many as possible and spread his deviant behaviour(can also be to influence them)

-Does not reveal his deviations from norms to society

-aberrant criminal seeks to avoid the limelight of public scrutiny

-challenges the legitimacy of the social norms he rejects or at least challenges their applicability to certain situations

-eg campaigns ,rallies to attack local norms

- acknowledges the legitimacy of the norms he violates

-he finds these norms expedient and expressive of his state of mind to violate them

- he may try to justify his own behaviour but he does not argue that theft is right and murder virtuous.

-aims to change the norms he is denying in practice.

- wants to replace what he believes to be morally right and more applicable.

-when subject to social sanction, he appeals to higher morality

-tries primarily to escape the sanctioning force of existing norms , without proposing substitutes for them

- at most he appeals to extenuating circumstances.

- is acknowledged , however reluctantly, b y conventional members of social system to depart from prevailing norms for disinterested purposes and not for what he personally can get out of it.

- deviance from norms to serve his own purpose and interest

-with his appeal to an allegedly higher morality, can in historically propitious circumstances lay claim to legitimacy by drawing upon the ultimate values, rather than the particular norms of the society

- trying to make justice a social reality rather than an institutionalized form

- for his genuine freedom of speech rather than its everyday pretense.

-rearrange social structure to provide actual equality of opportunity for all men to develop prized talents.

-appeal to moral values that in some measure have been denied in social practice while being reaffirmed in ideological doctrine.

- not a private affair but a thrust towards a new morality of restoring a morality held to have been put aside in social practice.

- nothing new to propose and nothing old to restore

- seeks only to satisfy his private interests or to express his private cravings.


ayonee said...

what is this??? socio?? do we have this for mid sem?? i am just soo clueless..

Sapphire said...

i think it is a part of social problems, is it nivedita?

nivedita said...

This is a part of merton's essay on social disorganization.was last year 's question too.

Sapphire said...

ok..thnx :)

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